Diabetics are at a higher risk of Open Angle Glaucoma or OCG

If a person is suffering from diabetes and hypertension, then he/she is at an increased risk of developing open-angle glaucoma (OAG), says a recent study by researchers at the University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center.

The study conducted by Joshua D. Stein, M.D., M.S., a glaucoma specialist at Kellogg, and team reviewed billing records of more than 2 million people aged 40 and older who were enrolled in a managed care network in the United States and and those who were visiting an eye care provider one or more times from 2001 to 2007.

The researchers found that people with diabetes alone had a 35 per cent increased risk of developing OAG and those with hypertension alone had a 17 per cent increased risk. For those people with both diabetes and hypertension, there was a 48 per cent increased risk of developing OAG, the most common form of glaucoma in USA.

To make its findings more grounded the researchers focused on the possible associations between various components of metabolic syndrome (a collection of conditions that includes obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia or high cholesterol and high triglyceride levels), affecting one is every five People in USA. The researchers also studied the impact of each component, on the increased or decreased risk of glaucoma.

Contrary to diabetes and hypertension, which are found to increase the risk of OAG; the researchers found that hyperlipidemia actually reduced the OAG risk by 5 per cent.

The researchers hope that the findings from this research may eventually lead to novel treatments for glaucoma.

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The above study reminds the world that patients with diabetes and hypertension are always at a higher risk of eye ailments. Earlier doctors believed that diabetics and those with Hypertension are at a higher risk of diabetic retinopathy, a condition that harms the blood vessels in the retina; now courtesy this latest research, another eye disease namely OAG has been added to it.

Hence any person should always try to keep blood sugar and blood pressure at normal. This applies to both healthy and those affected with diabetics and hypertension.

One of the main reasons for diabetes and hypertension is body weight above normal and obesity. Hence a person should always try to keep his or her body weight normal by living a healthy lifestyle, which means eating healthy, in right quantity, sleeping and resting well, and exercising regularly.

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