According to AICTE, 6 out of every 10 engineering graduates passing out from various Engineering Colleges or technical institutions every year remain unemployed. In addition, less than 1 percent out of 8 Lakh engineers passing out every year, or 8000 engineering students, participate in summer internships.
That apart, just 15% of engineering programmes offered by over 3,200 institutions are accredited by the National Board of Accreditation (NBA).
What does this mean? This may mean two things: One, we’re making more engineers than we actually require and; two, we’re doing so without keeping in mind the job market.
Being optimistic about some massive demand in engineering market is fine, but optimism doesn’t mean ignoring the facts.
Government believes that the major reason for this is the huge variation in standards of technical colleges in the country, a majority of whom churn out graduates who are not employable
There’s no denying that there’s no uniformity in standards of technical Colleges in India. But that applies to every field of education in India.
But the key cause of lack of employment is not standard of engineers. The major cause is the lack of jobs.
In a sector where jobs are in plenty, the employment percentage increases as well. Right now what’s happening is that in India, engineers are being made without looking at the job market. This is resulting in unemployed backlog.
To buck this trend, the ministry of human resource development is planning a major revamp of India’s technical education.
The strategy involves:
- Rolling out the single National Entrance Examination for Technical Institutions from January 2018
- Linking annual teacher training as a must for approval of the institution
- Mandatory induction training to enrolled students and;
- Annual revision of curriculum
In addition, NEETI (for admission to engineering programmes) will be the first exam to be conducted by the National Testing Service (NTS), which will be completely computer-based.
The first NTS will be ready by January 2018 to conduct the NEETI as well as National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) for medical courses.
NEETI Exams to be conducted multiple times a Year
The exams will be conducted multiple times in a year. As per plans, the first NEETI exam is likely to be scheduled for December 2017-January 2018, followed by another one in March 2018 and the third on May 2018.
NTS will also conduct entrance test for IIT.
The paper setting will continue to be with the IITs.
NTS will just be conducting the exams will be responsibility.
AICTE, under MHRD, plans to increase employabaility to 60 percent from present 40 percent
AICTE has also set broad targets for raising the standards of technical education in the country, which includes immediate improvement of employability to 60% from the current 40%.
It also aims at ensuring that 75% of the students get industry exposure in the form of summer internships.
Before 2022, AICTE plans 50% of the programmes in the technical institutions to be accredited through NBA.
One of the planned initiatives is to have a single entrance test by an agency authorised by MHRD. That’s there will be a ban on conduct of such exams by any other institution or university or agency.
The AICTE will also stress on programme up-gradation annually.
Rules and Road map is Good, but growth in engineering Activity is important
The AICTE’s rules and roadmp and other MHRD initiatives are good only if that is supported by growth in engineering jobs in India and abroad. The uniformity in Engineering courses and standard will help but that will not increase the employment. For that we need a big increase in jobs. If that doesn’t happen, then the engineering seats across India need to be drastically reduced to half.